Imre Kertész Kolleg Jena

Dr Igor Cașu

Fellow Igor Cașu

July - September 2015
Mail casuing(at)yahoo(dot)com

2010 October - present, Director, Center for the Study of Totalitarianism, Faculty of History and Philosophy, State University of Moldova
2004 March - 2010 October - Research Fellow coordinator, Institute of History, State and Law, Moldavian Academy of Sciences
1998 September - present - member of the UNESCO Chair of South East European Studies, Faculty of History and Philosophy, State University of Moldova
1998 September - 2004 Senior Lecturer (since March 2003 - Associate Professor), Department of World History, Faculty of History and Philosophy, Moldova State University

Selected Fellowships: CEP Local Faculty Fellow in Moldova (2001 - 2003),Visiting Fulbright Scholar-in-Residence, Lenoir-Rhyne College, Hickory, North Carolina (2000)

Research Project at the Kolleg

Why Individuals and Social Groups Accept or Oppose Communism: Collaboration, Cooptation and Resistance in Soviet Moldavia (1944-1972) in an East European Context

This research project focuses on collaboration and cooptation of the local population in Moldova under the Soviet regime, an under-researched topic. It also focuses on the population's resistance, which was given an extreme amount of attention in the post-Soviet Moldovan historiography. The situation is not very different in other former Soviet republics, especially in the Baltic States and the Ukraine, and the former East and Central European satellite states. This is explained by the fact that collaboration and cooptation issues cause people to be ashamed of their past, while resistance tends to raise their self-esteem in their own eyes and in the eyes of the others. We've seen examples of this both in the former Soviet republics and in the West. Thus, in order to bring a complex picture of what happened in Moldova in the first two and a half decades of the Soviet regime, one should approach these topics simultaneously, in one research study. Such an approach would help us answer one of the main questions addressed in the research project: What makes individuals and social groups accept or oppose communism? This kind of research could not be done without embarking on a comparative approach; that is, by comparing the level of collaboration and resistance in the MSSR with the Baltic States, particularly, Western Ukraine. The comparative aspect thus gives the research a transnational thrust. For various reasons, the time for such research is ripe: there are several important studies on resistance and a few others on collaboration in the former Soviet Union, each of which are informative from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. Further, the disclosure of Moldovan archives in 2010 is another important reason that the research proposal is both feasible and necessary.

Main areas of research

  • Soviet Nationalities Policy in Bessarabia/Eastern Moldavia
  • Political repression
  • Violence and resistance in MASSR and MSSR
  • Everyday life
  • Corruption and cultural opposition under Communism

Positions and memberships

  • Centre for the Study of Totalitarianism, Faculty of History and Philosophy, State University of Moldova, director
  • Member of Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies (ASEEES)


Cașu, Igor. "Politica naţională" în Moldova Sovietică, 1944–1989. [Nationalities Policy in Soviet Moldavia, 1944-1989] Chisinau: Cartdidact, 2000. Summary in English and Russian.

Cașu, Igor. Duşmanul de clasă. Represiuni politice, violenţă şi rezistenţă în R(A)SS Moldovenească, 1924-1956. [Class Enemy. Political Repressions, Violence and Resistance in Moldavian (A)SSR, 1924-1956] Chisinau: Cartier, 2014, first edition, 2015, second edition.

Edited volumes

Musteață, Sergiu, and Igor Cașu, eds. Fără termen de prescripţie. Aspecte ale crimelor comunismului în Europa. [No Statute of Limitations. Aspects of the Communist crimes in Europe] Chisinau: Cartier, 2011, 780 p.

Cașu, Igor, and Igor Șarov, eds. Republica Moldova de la Perestroikă la independenţă, 1989-1991. Documente secrete din arhiva CC a PCM. [The Republic of Moldova from Perestroika to independence, 1989-1991. Secret Documents from the Archive of the CC of PCM]. Introduction and titles of documents in Romanian, Russian and English, Chisinau: Cartdidact, 692 p.

Cașu, Igor, ed. La originile sovietizării Basarabiei. Identificarea "dușmanului de clasă", confiscări de proprietăți și mobilizări la muncă, 1940-1941. [At the Origins of Sovietization of Bessarabia. Identification of class enemies, confiscations of property and work mobilization in Moldavian SSR, 1940-1941] in Russian with summary and names of the documents in English and Romanian. Chişinău: Cartier, 2014.

Dumitru, Diana, Igor Cașu, Andrei Cușco, and Petru Negură, eds. Al Doilea Război Mondial în Estul şi Vestul Europei. Istorie şi memorie. [Second World War in Eastern and Western Europe. History and Memory] Chisinau: Cartier, 2013, 332 p.


Cașu, Igor, and Alla Mușchei. “Comunismul sovietic şi omul nou în Basarabia” [Soviet Communism and “new man” in Bessarabia]. In Xenopoliana. Buletin al Fundaţiei Academice “A.D.Xenopol”, tom V, nr. 1-4 (1997): 45-52.

Cașu, Igor. "Nation Building in the Era of Integration: The case of Moldova." In Konrad Jarausch and Thomas Lindenberger eds. Conflicted Memories: Europeanizing Contemporary Histories. Oxford: Berghan Books, 2007, pp. 237-253.

Cașu, Igor. “Stalinist Terror in Soviet Moldavia, 1940-1941, 1944-1953” in Kevin McDermott, Matthew Stibbe, eds., Stalinist Terror in Eastern Europe. Elite purges and mass repression. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 2010, pp. 39-56.

Cașu, Igor. "Political Repressions in Moldavian SSR after 1956: Towards a Typology Based on KGB files", in Dystopia. Journal of Totalitarian Ideologies and Regimes. vol. 1-2 (2012): 89-127.

Cașu, Igor, and Mark Sandle. “Discontent and Uncertainty in the Borderlands: Soviet Moldavia and the Secret Speech 1956–1957.” In Europe-Asia Studies, 64:4 (2014): 613-644.

Cașu, Igor. “’The Quiet Revolution’: Revisiting the National Identity Issue in Soviet Moldavia at the height of Khrushchev’s Thaw, 1956-1957”. In Euxeinos. University of Saint Gallen, Switzerland, no. 15-16 (2014): 77-91.


Review on Nikolai Guboglo, Yazyki etnicheskoi mobilizatsii, Moskva: Vysshaia Shkola, 1998, 567 p., in Revista de istorie a Moldovei, no. 3-4, 2004.

Review on Elena Postica, Rezistenta anti-Sovietica in Basarabia, 1944-1950, Chisinau: Stiinta, 1997, 240 p. in The Romanian Journal of Society and Politics, Volume 3, no. 1, 2003.

Review on Ed. H. Judge, Easter in Kishinev. Anatomy of a Pogrom, New York- London, New York University Press, 1992, 196 p., in Anuarul Institutului de Istorie “A.D.Xenopol” Jassy, vol. 34, 1997.

Review on Peter Lynch, Minority Nationalism and European Integration, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1996, 228 p., in “Xenopoliana”: Buletin al Fundaţiei Academice “A.D.Xenopol” vol. 5, no. 1-4, 1997.

Review on Nationalism in Europe, 1815 to the present: A reader, ed. by Stuart Wolf, London and New York: Routledge 1996, 215 p., in “Xenopoliana”: Buletin al Fundaţiei Academice “A.D.Xenopol” vol. 5, no. 1-4, 1997.

The full list of publications can be found